Redhat Package Manager (RPM)


Set of binary files, which are compiled programs. This is similar to add/remove programs in windows. RPM is used to manage installation packages including installation and un-installation.

The database that contains information of all rpms is stored in /var/lib/rpm/.

# rpm -ivh : i = To install a package.

# rpm -e <rpm’s base=”” name=””> : to remove an rpm.

# rpm -q <rpm’s base=”” name=””> : query an rpm

# rpm -qa : Query all rpms

# rpm -qa | grep ldap : List all rpms installed that had the word ldap in it

# rpm -qf /bin/cat : This will display the name of rpm associated with cat.

# rpm -force coreutils-5.2.1-31.i386.rpm : This will erase the old coreutils rpm and install the new one.

# rpm -ql coreutils : This will list all the files that was installed by this rpm.

# rpm httpd.rpm –aid : This will install the httpd rpm along with its dependencies.

# rpm -qi coreutils : Information of am rpm including manufacturer, developer, etc

Rpmdb-redhat is the rpm that contains all the dependencies of rpm

# rpm -qpi zsh-4.2.rpm : View information of a package before installation

# rpm -qc httpd-3.rpm : List the configuration files of the rpm

# rpm -V httpd : This will check the default files installed by the rpm and display any missing files.

# rpm -qR vsftpd : Display all the dependencies of a package.

# rpm -Uvh vsftpd : Upgrade am rpm. Do not use this to upgrade the kernal. This will uninstall the old kernal and install a new one. It is always good to keep the old one too till the functionality of the new kernal is tested.

# rpm -q : This will display the scripts used at the time of installation.